More than 70% of cancer patients diagnosed with throat cancer are usually at the advanced stage. It is common among men than women. It is categorized in two groups i.e. pharyngeal cancer and laryngeal cancer. The former one develops in the pharynx, which is a hollow tube running from behind the nose to the windpipe. The latter one develops in larynx which is the voice box.

Signs and Symptoms

Here are some of the potential biểu hiện ung thư vòm họng or throat cancer:

  • Change in voice
  • Weight loss
  • Hoarseness
  • Wheezing
  • Persistent cough
  • Sore throat
  • Trouble in swallowing
  • Ear pain
  • Need to clear the throat

Causes

There are certain lifestyle habits which can increase the risk of developing the throat cancer:

  • Vitamin A deficiency
  • Poor dental hygiene
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol
  • Smoking

Sometimes, throat cancer can be linked to other types of cancers too like bladder cancer, lung cancer, and esophageal cancer.

Treatment Options

When it comes to the treatment, the throat cancer patient has to work closely with a variety of specialists. Here is the list of a few of them:

  • Oncologist: He is responsible for performing surgical procedures such as tumor removal
  • Radiation Oncologist: He is responsible for treating cancer by using the radiation therapy
  • Pathologist: He is responsible for examining the tissue sample from the biopsy

How to Prevent Throat Cancer?

There is no definitive way of preventing throat cancer, however, there are some steps which you can follow for reducing the risk of cancer:

  • Eat vegetables, fruits and of course lean meats for maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
  • Reduce smoking or stop smoking
  • Similarly, reduce the intake of alcohol
  • Have safe sex because HPV virus is linked to throat cancer also

If you see any of the symptoms of throat cancer, then make sure you visit a medical professional immediately. There are certain treatments that can make your condition better.